What Do You Know About Dairy?

Take the Quiz to see how much you really know about Dairy…

Nutrition Education Series

Learn more about why foods made with dairy products are so good for you and important to your nutrition. When you have completed the quiz, scroll down for more information about each question and learn more about this valuable nutrient.



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Quiz Answers

1. What important mineral is found in all foods in the Dairy Group?

The correct answer is CALCIUM.Dairy Foods

All foods in the Dairy Group contain calcium – a mineral that is important for building and maintaining strong bones and teeth, regulating blood pressure, and is also important for the nervous system.

2. Milk is the only food that contains calcium.Fat-Free Milk

The correct answer is FALSE.

Calcium can also be found in other dairy foods like yogurt and cheese, in tofu made with calcium, in canned salmon and sardines (if bones are eaten). You can also get calcium in some leafy greens (collards and spinach), in soybeans and green soybeans (edamame), and in calcium-fortified foods and drinks like soymilk, other plant-based “milks,” orange juice, and cereals. The amount of calcium in these other foods vary.

3. All products made from milk are part of the Dairy Group.

The correct answer is FALSE.Image of Plate showing Dairy Nutrition

Foods made from milk that keep their calcium content, such as yogurt and cheese, are part of the Dairy Group. However, foods made from milk that have little to no calcium – such as cream cheese, cream, and butter – are not part of the Dairy Group.


4. How many cup-equivalents from foods in the Dairy Group are recommended for adults each day?

Dairy Image

The correct answer is 3 CUPS.

Consuming 3 cups of foods from the Dairy Group each day will provide you with the recommended amount of calcium and other important nutrients like potassium and vitamin D. Non-dairy sources of calcium include calcium-fortified juices, cereals, breads, rice milk, almond milk, canned fish (sardines, salmon with bones), soybeans and other soy products (tofu made with calcium sulfate, soy yogurt, tempeh), some other beans, and some leafy greens (collard and turnip greens, kale, bok choy).

5. Adults do not need foods from the Dairy Group, only growing children and athletes do.

Mom showing Baby a Milk Bottle

The correct answer is FALSE.

Foods in the Dairy Group provide nutrients that are vital for the health and maintenance of the body, regardless of age. These nutrients include calcium, potassium, and vitamin D, all of which help keep bones strong and reduce the risk for bone fractures and breaks. 

6. What type of milk is recommended for adults?

Glass of Milk

The correct answer is Fat-free (skim).

Fat-free (skim) milk has all of the vitamins, minerals, and protein found in whole milk or other reduced fat milks, but with less solid fat and thus fewer calories. Low-fat (1%) milk is also recommended for adults. 

7. What type of milk is recommended for infants less than 6 months old?Mom and Baby


While milk contains beneficial nutrients for children, it is recommended that infants up to 6 months old get all of their nutrition from breast milk or formula. The amounts of protein, sodium, and potassium in cow’s milk are too high for infants. Also, plain milk does not have as many nutrients as breast milk or infant formula and this can affect a baby’s growth and development.

8. What is the name of the sugar found naturally in milk?

The correct answer is LACTOSE.Bottle and Glass of Milk

Lactose is the sugar found naturally in milk. Be aware that flavored milk contains added sugar.

9. Which of these dairy products contains a healthy bacteria (also called “probiotics”)?Milk, Cheese and Yogurt

The correct answer is YOGURT.

Certain specific bacteria are added in the process of making yogurt from fluid milk. Yogurts that contain probiotics will say “live and active cultures” on the package.

10. Which of these is a calcium option for people who are lactose intolerant?

The correct answer is ALL OF THE ABOVE.Dairy Image

All of the options above contain little or no lactose and can help decrease the symptoms of lactose intolerance, while still providing necessary calcium.

Many thanks for the opportunity to share this important information about the valuable role Dairy Products plays in your overall nutrition. Wishing you the best of health!

Additional Nutrition Information you might enjoy:

Source: USDA – United States Department of Agriculture

Author: Joan

We provide information and motivation focused on the importance of physical activity to our quality of life. It is our hope to help people invest in themselves by staying active throughout their lives. It's that important.

9 thoughts

    1. I hear you. My husband’s Dr. told him to start taking D and I’ve added that along with my B12 and with my workouts, I really feel a difference in my mental outlook. Thanks AOC!! :) hugs!

        1. Yeah, that was a tough one too… Years ago, that’s what mom’s gave their kids – I’m from a big family so you can imagine that I had whatever milk mom had on hand. We could always tell when she added powdered milk to whatever she had – she always added a little too much water, bless her heart. :) big hugs!

        2. Ah, yes, that was a tough one too… As I mentioned to Jason Youngman, I’m from a large family and it was a time when bottled milk was considered nutritious for babies and adults. I wonder when the percentage of fat started showing up on store shelves… Yes, when I grew up – we had the milkman deliver – 8 quarts every other day… :) hugs! And thanks for visiting with us today David!

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